- Country’s national language: German
- Country’s currency: Euro (1 Euro = Rs 74.82)
- Country’s capital city: Berlin
- Country’s population: 6 million (UN, 2016) Reference BBC
- Country’s Indian population: In 2009, the German government estimated that the number of people of Indian descent residing in Germany at 110,204. Of which 43,175 people were holding an Indian passport, while 67,029 were holding a German passport
Country’s higher education system
There are 409 officially recognized institutions of higher education in 165 towns and cities throughout Germany. In total, German universities and colleges offer more than 14,500 degree programmers. Deciding on a college or university is somewhat easier as there are only three types to choose from in Germany:
- Universities of applied sciences
- Colleges of art, film and music
Studying at a university is a good idea if you are interested in a scientifically-oriented education. Universities offer a broad range of courses and subjects. Some schools specialize in certain disciplines, such as advanced technology, medicine and education. If you would like to enter a doctoral programme in Germany, then a university is the perfect place for you.
Universities of applied sciences are ideal if you are looking for a more praxis-oriented education. These institutions provide students with a scientifically based education, tailored to the demands of professional life. The degree programmers’ generally include internships and a practical module. This enables students to apply their knowledge on the job at companies and businesses.
If you wish to study an artistic or design-oriented subject, you may be the perfect candidate for a college of art, film or music. At such colleges you will find courses in the Fine Arts, Industrial and Fashion Design, Graphic Arts, Instrumental Music, Voice, etc
International student population in country
Programs and courses offered by country
- Business, Economics, Social Sciences, Law
- Languages & Cultural Studies
- Natural & Computer Sciences
- Agriculture, Veterinary Medicine
- Art & Music
If you wish to study at a German university, you need a so-called Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB), or higher education entrance qualification. This is a secondary school-leaving certificate that corresponds to the German Abitur and entitles you to study.
Students from abroad must apply for admission from the university of their choice. For your application, you will require
For a Bachelor's degree
- A school-leaving certificate (also known as “university entrance qualification”, e.g. High School Diploma, Matura, A-Levels, Bachillerato, Atestat, baccalauréat) or
- Proof that you have passed the university entrance examination (if required in your home country)
For a Master's degree and PhD programmes
- Recognition of your university degree from your home country or another country.
Not all higher education entrance qualifications apply to all study programmes. There is a general qualification (“allgemeine HZB”) which entitles students to study all subjects at universities and universities of applied sciences, and a subject-specific qualification (“fachgebundene HZB”) which entitles students to study certain subjects only
The majority of German universities are subsidised by the government. Public universities charge no or relatively low tuition fees. According to Ulrike Hartmann from the online portal www.studieren.de ,”as a rule, no public universities charge tuition fees for bachelor’s degree programmes.”Students may be required to pay tuition fees, however, for certain master’s degree programmes. Non-consecutive programmes, however, can be quite expensive – in some cases, tuition fees can amount to more than 10,000 euros per semester. In most cases, private universities are much more expensive, because they rely completely on tuition fees to cover their operating costs. Depending on the degree programme, bachelor’s and master’s degree students are required to pay tuition fees between 12,000 and 30,000 euros per year
Funding of VISA
You need it, to pay your rent, to go shopping and to party: money. Before you begin your studies, you will have to show how you intend to finance your stay. You must provide what is called a “Finanzierungsnachweis” or “proof of financial resources”. In most cases, you are required to include this document with your visa application. At the latest, you will need it when you apply for a residence permit. At present, foreign students must prove they have at least 7,908 Euro per year at their disposal (about 670 Euro per month). Proof of financial resources can be provided in various ways. The following forms are generally accepted.
You should take care of the following:
- Recognition of your certificates
- Aptitude tests
- Language skills
- Proof of financial resources
- Applying to university
- Health insurance
January 15th and July 15th. If you wish to begin your studies in the winter semester (October) the submission period is from the beginning of June to 15th July. If you rather prefer to start your studies in the summer semester (April) the submission period is from the beginning of December to 15th January
Visa policies and procedures: You should get a student visa if you are planning to study in Germany. If you have been accepted at German University then it is advisable you apply for a student visa in person for at least 3 months in advance before going to Germany.
All your documents and application will be send to the Immigration Office (Ausländeramt) where you will study. After the application gets approved by the Immigration Office the consulate will issue you a residence permit in the form of visa. You are required to register upon your first arrival in Germany.
Documents required to process visa application
- Completed application form
- Valid Passport (read our page on passport requirements)
- 2 photographs (strict requirements, read our photo requirements page)
- Letter of Admission
- Transcript of academic record
- Proof that you have sufficient funds to support yourself while living in Germany
- Declaration of authenticity of documents submitted
Standard visa processing timing
- student visas can take up to 25 days to be processed.
Benefits and opportunities
German universities have a quite good network with universities all over the world. Every year thousands of students have the opportunity to go abroad and spend some time in a different country, studying and living. This should be the same way for international students. German employees from different fields and disciplines are in great demand all over the world and have realistic chances to get a job in an international company in many different countries. Germany itself is also a good and attractive country to work there later.